Live Fish Food

Live Fish Food

With your pet fish it is super important to give them just the food they need and like hence live fish food for some fish. There are of course lots of different sorts of fish food like those for tropical fish flakes or the likes of Betta fish food pellets that enhance their color and many many more. We stop lots of nutritious fish foods so as naturally different fish need different foods.

For the likes of Goldfish food has higher proportions of vegs are required, a larger proportion of fat and protein for for tropical fish. The likes of Bettas are meat eating so not ideal fish to have in with other varieties! Should the variety have a mouth that is upturned that type is probably a fish that feeds on the surface so needs appropriate food for that. Should the fish have a down turned moth the opposite is true i.e. they tend to be bottom feeders and need food that goes to that area. We also have treats and frozen fish food and more.

Now back to live fish food - the advantage of the live food is that that it has lots of Nutrients and vitamins - more than say the standard dried fish food. Think about what your pet fish would be eating in the wild - there would be a large element of live fish food. Your fish will also be fascinated in the food because they move and there is a hunting aspect. There are many sorts (other that sorts like worms that you can get from your garden - not a food they would normally get though) like live mealworms, live waxworms, also insect larvae, feeder fish and maggotts. Bloodworms are a larvae that is full of protein - sixty percent) and you will find your fish growing very quickly using them.

A great live fish food is brine shrimp (technically called Artemia) and can be find live and dried. Naturally sometimes your fish will like them and sometimes not. The fish really love them and will eat them super quickly. Now look out for the likes of Brine Shrimp Eggs 50 Gramm which are popular and well reviewed. Some suggest water fleas (Daphnia) which are are a great healthy food and others are Grindal worms, Microworms , Vinegar Eels but are not always easy to find.

aquarium thermometer

Fish Tank Thermometers

Fish Tank Thermometers | Aquarium Digital Thermometer

So exactly what are fish tank thermometers and what do they do? In simple terms they are designed to track the temperature of the water in your fish tank. With complex versions you can even be alerted (other than visually) should the temp go above or below your set parameters. Some if have a really big aquarium have multiple say digital aquarium thermometer so different areas in the fish tank can measured at one time. It is of course super important to be able to see the temperatures clearly if there are no other methods of alerts.

fish tank thermometers

So next - why do you need one? Fish are sensitive to temperature and v different types of fish do best at different temperatures. With fish tank thermometers you can measure and record those temperatures then based on those recordings adjust the temperature back to the required range. Note some of the tap range heaters also come with thermometers. So for lots of reasons is is imperative to have the best aquarium thermometer you can afford that is appropriate to the fish tanks. Without one you will not be able to accurately know what is happening in the water you fish is in.

So a) you need to find what is the water temperature you fish is living in, ensure that the aquarium heater you have installed is working properly, make sure you know that you setup is or is not appropriate - you might for example need a more powerful or even second heater.

In general terms there are three common types of fish tank thermometers. Firstly there are digital aquarium thermometers Simply there is a digital thermometer attached to a probe which is in the water. There is naturally a readout in either centigrade or Fahrenheit dependent on the country you are in. There are some that come with alarms should the temperate get out of the range you have set it up to monitor it for. There are those that are plugged into a mains socket and other using a battery. Should you be looking for something of high quality like a General Tools AQ150 In and Out Aquarium Thermometer which is popular and well reviewed.

A floating or standing aquarium standing thermometer is submerged so make sure the face is big enough to read. Some have a safe and danger color area so you CAN see that easily. One thing to consider is what these thermometers are made out of - to be specific glass. relatively easily broken glass. If you can try to get made out of stainless steel or plastic. There are several types including those that float free, those that are help onto the side of the tank with a suction cup or those that are secured by magnets. These come at a great price but are without the features of say a digital one.

And finally there are stick on aquarium thermometers. The name is a give away - as you stick them to the outside of the tank and the measure the waters temperature thru the tanks glass. That of course means it is not directly measuring the aquariums water temperature the reading is not as exact as say the digital ones. Just imagine the effect on the temperature if is in say the direct sun.

Seachem aquarium Ammonia Alert

Aquarium Water Test Kit

Aquarium Water Test Kit

Having healthy fish requires an aquarium water test kit - or kits as there are lots of different types of them. In the average aquarium there are lots of different elements that need to be tested for - for example nitrates, ammonia, pH levels and lots more. Too much of specific elements can be deadly to your fish, too little can result in sick or even dead fish.

Aquarium Water Test Kit

The water that is used for fish tanks is almost always from the tap - think about all the additives minerals etc that comes with that. So the test kits allow you to make educated approximations of what needs to be added or removed from the water. There are eleven main test kits (and occasionally kits that have all of them look at Tetra EasyStrips 6-in-1 Aquarium Test Strips which are popular and well reviewed).

These kits are pH Test Kit, Nitrate Test Kit, Nitrite Test Kit, Magnesium Test Kit, Iodine Test Kit, Copper Test Kit, Chlorine Test Kit, Chloramine Test Kit, Calcium Test Kit, Ammonia Test Kit and Alkalinity Test Kits.

Some basic information information on each or these are a) pH Test Kit which allows you to test for alkalinity levels. Different types of fish need different levels. b) Nitrite Test Kit means you can keep the deadly levels of nitrites away. If those levels are too high (created by bacteria) you will need to remove appropriate levels of water and top up until you get the correct levels. Nitrate Test Kit relates one again to nitrite levels as the nitrates convert into nitrites. Once again can only fix with swapping water.

A Magnesium Test Kit allows you to keep the correct level of magnesium in the tank. It is a salt that must be kept in the correct range for your type of fish. If you have a saltwater aquarium you need an Iodine Test Kit. Organisms in the aquarium need iodine as food but as always too much or little is a danger.

A copper test kit is to make sure you do not have any in the aquarium as it is deadly. The most common way an aquarium gets copper is if your tap water runs thru copper piping. Chlorine is very common in tap water so you need to test the levels with a Chlorine Test Kit. What you need to do is to remove the chlorine before it gets to your fish - deadly otherwise.

There are combined test kits like the Chloramine Test Kit which allows you to test for chlorine and ammonia at one go. Too high levels are dangerous to your fish. If you have say chorals growing in your tank to need some calcium hence the need for a Calcium Test Kit so you can have the correct levels and be a guide for when you add on a regular basic.

Fish have what I will politely call droppings which results in higher levels of ammonia hence the need for a Ammonia Test Kit. Too hig a level is one of the really big reasons for fish dying in aquariums. Alkalinity Test Kit relate too pH shift levels - this requires a steady level of between seven dkH and to twelve dkH.

As always research is needed as to what aquarium water test kit you need for your aquarium and fish type.

Tetra Aquarium 20 Gallon Fish Tank Kit

Fish Tank Kits

Fish Tank Kits

Fish tank kits are absolutely perfect for you should you just starting in the wonderful world of keeping pet fish. The great think about these aquarium kits is they come with all the equipment you need to get started. Can also be used by those with the knowledge built just want to move easily to a bigger tank.

fish tank kits

You will of course need to know how many and of what type of fish so you you intend getting. That way you can work out how big a tank and of what type you need. As well as that you will need to work out where you are going to put the fish tank - for example not near a direct light window or a doorway that gets a lot of breeze thru. Should you decide to put the tank on a desk you should go for something under 10 gallons like a Tetra ColorFusion LED Half Moon Aquarium Kit which is 3 gallons, well rated and very popular.

If you go for say a 20 gallon fish tank (always a popular size) then the tank will be the focal point of any room or office you place it in. The main point of these kits is to make the hobby of keeping fish easy. So think about involving your family in the process- twice the fun!

Usually the equipment for a fish tank is bought separately and with each item research has to be done to make sure that piece of equipment is the correct one with the right capacity. So all the items being included that are the correct sort and of the correct capacity os an attractive idea. So not only the setting up is simplified so is the ongoing maintenance.

Note there are not just small kits but there are also much larger ones that really are part of your decor in say an office of the living room of your house. Those large kits have really top quality equipment which makes maintenance even easier. With the large kits you sometimes are able to pick specific pieces of equipment dependent on your specific needs. Not surprisingly the cost is a good indicator or the quality of the equipment.

So what will I get in the fish tank kit? Well first the aquarium itself, cover with lighting, the lighting (usually these days LED) a pump, a filter (often the same piece of equipment) a stand, gravel, aquarium heater, thermometer, food, water conditioner and a net. Some have more, some less. The majority will come with lots of instructions or at least a like to a website with all the information you need to get setup and for ongoing maintenance.

Aquarium Natural River Gravel

Fish Tank Substrate

Fish Tank Substrate | Substrate Aquarium Plants

Most aquariums use fish tank substrate both for the look it gives and for the live plants you have. Also it gives your fishes a more interesting place to live. Your living plants need something for their roots to grasp onto and develop. Usually after getting a tank the substrate is the place to start - then plants, rocks, driftwood and suchlike decorations.

fish tank substrate

Part of having a healthy fish tank is having aquarium substrate for plants as it has an effect on the quality of the water itself. Why is this? Well a substrate is a sifter for any water (for example the organic type from the fish) which can be processed by the plants - as would happen in the fishes ancestors original habitat.

Substrate can be of many types such as plain dirt, crushed marble, sand, gravel, or fake substrate. The artificial kind of substrate can be made to appear like the real or simply be bits of black, pink, blue bits and pieces made out of all sorts of material like glass or plastic. The main thing to remember is not to have anything cutting that the fish could injure themselves on.

A significant reason for having substrate is around increasing beneficial bacteria in the aquarium. They can also absorb substances into the water or release substances into the water. Another way is around how the substrates react chemically with what is in the water. Many believe that is you have dark colored substrate that can affect positively the coloring of the fish.

You can directly effect the chemical make up of the aquarium by using say coral sand or crushed coral for substrate as that will increase carbonate hardness in the tank. These substrate have lots of surface so when beneficial bacteria grow on those surfaces they become a sort of biological filter. One substrate is the CaribSea Arag-Alive 20-Pound Fiji Pink Sand - well reviewed and popular.

Should you be using an aquarium for breeding, many use marbles as there will be gaps available for the eggs to fall between and be protected. If useful if you have a freshwater tank, the most frequently used is gravel. Lots of colors are in the range. Other popular types are crushed coral, shell grit, crushed marble, coral sand. Specific substrates are used often for specific species - for example sand is popular for say river stingrays. In a large tank you can have various substrate in various parts of the tank for different uses.

There are some breeds of fish that actually live in the substrate - they tunnel into it and that can make them feel more safe. Although there are differing opinions on how much substrate to put down a good rule of thumb is about three inches (read carefully the packet the substrate comes in). That is deep enough for plants roots and to look pleasing. Naturally is you put in too much - there is less accommodation for the fish and plants! Think about when to come to clean the substrate, the more you have the bigger the job.

Some substrate need more looking after than others. For example gravel needs a good vacuum now and then other all that fish dropping and food that was not eaten will build up.

Anyway give thought to what substrate will go best with the tank itself, the breed of fish and plants.

Marineland Magnum Polishing Internal Canister Filter

Fish Tank Pump Filters

Fish Tank Pump Filters

If you want to have healthy fish and lovely clear water you need to look at fish tank pump filters. An aquarium performs several functions which are to move air (oxygen) around the tank, move water thru the filter there bye removing germs and other harmful things from your fishes environment. The harmful items include fish waste, uneaten fish food. Now a tank pump can be added to inside or outside the tank.

fish tank pump filters

The inside type is called a submersible aquarium pump and those on the outside are called external. With these pumps it has to be born in mind that the do generate a certain amount of heat so thought needs to be gone into to get the right pump for the right fish. You also have to take into account the size of your tank. If big you may well need more than one pump. One of our favorite and biggest selling pumps is the Marineland Penguin Power Filter which is sold in the thousands and is highly rated - will suit the vast majority of tanks. The idea of having more that one is if the original pump breaks down you have a spare.

Submersible pumps are water proof so can be hung in the tank right at the top. These days most pumps also are filters (so we will make that assumption here). Not surprisingly an external pump is hung on the outside of the tank and there is a tube running from the pump to the aquarium. As a rule of thumb external pumps for small tanks, submersibles for big tanks. Why? Because the submersibles can push more water around the tank - they create more pressure.

In the simplest terms if you do not have a method of adding air into the environment and removing toxic items, the fish will not live long. Unlike say dogs and cats, fish do not need a lot of work - but they still need some. One of the things they need is a good quality aquarium pump.

With fish and other aquarium organisms you are striving to make the environment as natural to their breeds natural environment as possible. So clean water and moving water with oxygen is super important. Now think of the looks of the matter. having flowing water is relaxing - it looks and sounds pleasant. Before buying double check that the pumps capacity fits with your tank size. Given the cost of the tank, plants etc the cost of a decent quality and power pump is not huge - and of course the effect on the fish if you do not get. Research is the thing and once in place the fish tank pump will help you enjoy your aquarium even more.

Finnex Planted LED KLC Aquarium LED Light Automated Full Spectrum Fish Tank Light 24 Inch

Aquarium Lights LED

Aquarium Lights LED

If you want to take your aquarium to a new level of beauty aquarium lights LED are what you should look at. Sometime new fish tank owners fail to notice this aspect which when done properly will significantly enhance how your fish, plants and overall tank look. They can also help your plants grow and enhance the health of your fish.

aquarium lights led

The whole idea of an aquarium is to give your fish an environment that is very like what their species had in the wild - so the correct level and type light is very important. Naturally you want the light to be strong enough for you to see exactly what is going on in the tank (think about those colors!).

Almost naturally there are complications such as different fish breeds need different types of lights. If you are just starting off you will need to pick the breed of fish first THEN the type of lights. The most popular sort of fish tank like incandescent but they are far less popular now as they produce lots of heat and use up heaps of energy in comparison with LED fish tank lighting. Water temperature going up and down and not being even throughout the tank is not healthy for the fish.

Now as we are talking about natural light there will need to be day lights and night lights at about the levels of their native habitat. To some extent luckily those fish breeds from tropical climes come from areas that have 12 hours of night and 12 hours of day so that makes the set up for the fish and plants easier. Fish from other areas may well need fairly complex timers.

One of the big advantages of the lights is the coloring of the fishes skin goes darker which makes them really attract attention.

Led lights are considered fish aquarium decorations and do not need to make your hobby over complicated - certainly not as complex as say having a dog or cat! If you have the basic equipment like filters and lights. LED lights also of course keep the all the living things like aquarium lights for plants in the tank alive and healthy. With plants photosynthetic is what the LED lights help with. Now LED initials stand for Light Emitting Diode and believe it or not was actually originally developed for fish tanks. The original variety was only for night as was not strong enough for the day. Now can be used for both.

I big advantage of LED is cost of running which is super cheap against other types of lighting - such as Finnex planted LED KLC Aquarium LED Light automated which is super popular and well reviewed. They run at a small wattage and if you were using a different type - will do nice things to your power bill. Also they produce low heat levels so will not effect your fishes health. The light levels can be increased and dimmed like the one mentioned above as well allow you to time that fluctuation.

Not producing UV emissions is another advantage and they also have a broad spectrum of light which means the light reaches further into the tank. You can put the into the tank in lots of different set ups and different places. They may be initially more expensive then other choices but they last and last and last so that initial extra cost is quite soon paid back and more.

Salt Salinity Refractometer for Aquarium

Fish Tank Hydrometer

Fish Tank Hydrometer

Should you have an marine aquarium (sometimes called a salt water aquarium) it is almost certain you will need a fish tank hydrometer. A little background first so what is a salt water fish tank? Well basically it is an aquarium that you can keep marine plants and animals (such as fish). As we are talking about the fish side here, naturally they species you see here in this type of aquarium originally came from the sea. Now what is the big difference between marine aquarium and freshwater aquarium (bar the fish species) - salt.

fish tank hydrometer

Now this is where an aquarium hydrometer comes into play. It is an instrument that an aquarium owner uses to measure salinity (salt levels). The salt levels in the tank must be kept withing certain levels otherwise it will effect the health of the fish. Now the hydrometer is also sometimes used by freshwater fish keepers who sometimes use salt for medication on fish and also sometimes for stress reduction and therefore need to make sure the salt levels do not get too high or low.

It should be mentioned that keeping a marine aquarium is harder that a freshwater one as the fish etc that live there tend to be more intricate and difficult to keep up. It certainly needs a bit more knowledge to keep in good health. having said that you will fish that fish and other life in a salt water aquarium tends to be more beautiful full or color and generally fascinating than the fresh water type.

You can have live coral, fish of course, jellyfish, crustaceans anemones and more inside the aquarium. The reef fish have stunning colors and when you have a variety of the them the colors are wow. For an idea of the sort of fish you can have, look at damsel fish, clown fish and trigger fish - they are popular.

Now to keep all there inhabitants healthy you need to keep the salt level correct and steady. Using a hydrometer or a salinity refractometer
which is very similar comes into play. As a natural process water evaporates away leaving a higher percentage of salt in the tank. So using a hydrometer or a refractometer allows you to adjust the water level if needed based on the results.

Should you be setting up your tank from scratch a good initial move is to test for leaks. Then you need to cleanse the tank - we tend to go with for every 5 gallons of water add 1 teaspoon of bleach. The scour the fake plants, the tank itself, decorations and rocks. Most importantly you now rice everything in water that is clean.

After reading the instruction put in the system of aquarium filtration you have picked. Add washed substrate with the plants. Now the bit where the hydrometer comes into play - start to add sale and measure its levels. Keep going until you hit the level you want and leave about an inch of space at the top of the aquarium. At this stage add heater and thermometer aiming at 70 to 80 degrees.

as a rule of thumb it will probably take about seventy two hours before the temperature and salt levels settle down. For marine fish a power head it highly recommended. Also recommended is a protein skimmer.

Anyway those are the basics - naturally lots of research is the key.


glass aquarium hood

Fish Tank Hoods

Fish Tank Hoods

So what are fish tank hoods and what are they used for? What will adding an aquarium canopy to your tank do for you and your fish? Well they actually do a lot. Firstly they include making sure that your pet fish do not leap out of the aquarium.Also they stop things accidentally falling into the tank that could harm the fish. After that (and this is not is order of importance) a hood reduces evaporation and helps keep the tanks heat level to stay constant. Providing the base for attaching lights is also important.

fish tank hoods

Many believe that having a canopy is an essential part of the aquarium setup and makes running the aquarium easier and giving your fish a healthier and generally better environment. Also your tank will look better - showing your fish and the other contents of the tanks to better advantage. Note that one of the most popular and best reviewed hood is the Perfecto Manufacturing Recessed Full Fluorescent Light Hood, well worth checking out.

There are animals about the place that like to eat fish (such as cats) that aquarium canopies can be used to stop. A giant cat looking down at them is not likely to reduce the stress level of your fish. Think about small children wanting to feed the fish (anything!) or grabbing one out for a closer look - not ideal.

There are quite a few breeds of fish that jumps out of aquariums - ok if they miss and go back into the water but not if they land outside of the water. A hood would solve that problem. Naturally an un-hooded tank allows heat escape from the tank much faster than a hooded one - costing you more in power varying tank temperatures are not good for your fishes. Not surprisingly that is especially true for tropical fish as the seasonal temperatures (as well as daytime night-time temperatures) go up and down quite a bit and quite quickly.

Hugely reducing the rate of evaporation means having to top up the water level anywhere near as much. Lastly you have the lighting aspect. You can use the hood (of course many come fitted for lights) and use the lights to enhance the viewing of the aquarium both the fish and any plants. The live plants will be helped to grow with the correct lighting tubes as well.

Adding up all the aquarium costs to set up a hood is not a large proportion. Then you look at the benefits they are cheap at the price. The benefits they bring to your fish, you enjoyment of the tank and the other content of the tank, the advantages are significant. Happier pet fish, happy pet owners!

Aquarium Thermostat Heater

Fish Tank Heaters

Fish Tank Heaters | Digital Aquarium Heater

So what exactly are fish tank heaters for? As the name suggests they are used by people who keep fish as a hobby and need to warn the tanks water to a certain level. If you have a marine or freshwater tropical fish you will almost certainly be needing to keep their water temperature at between 71 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit as that is needed to keep the fish healthy.

fish tank heaters

Although fish are not actually cold blooded they do need the water (and sunlight) to keep their body temperature at the correct temperature. Assuming you keep your rooms at a comfortable temperature for you you can be almost certain that is the wring temperature for your fish. As water is much harder to warm than air you need a fish tank heater to give them the temperature that they need.

Should your tanks temp be about 79 degrees F generally your fish will be happy and healthy. Now you need to think that that temperature needs to stay at that sustained level. If you do not you will have stressed and almost certainly unhealthy fish.

Picking Aquarium Heaters

For those who do not know fish tank heaters evaluated and known by how many watts they have. So 75, 150 watts and onwards. There are charts about that let you work out what power or heater you need but as an approximate take the number of gallons in the tank and times by five. So say you have a 50 gallon tank, times by 5 you will need a 250 watt heater. Should your tank be really big perhaps get two so with the above example get two at 125watts each. That way the heat will be spread in the aquarium much better and a backup if one of them stops working. Having the two would of course work out to be more expensive. If you do have spare funds, you could get another spare.

Now if you get a heater you need to know what the temperature the water actually is. One of the most popular and best rated heater is a combines heater thermostat - EHEIM Jager Aquarium Thermostat Heater which does both functions.

There are various different types of heaters including immersible heaters. They are very popular and not expensive. You will find them almost always in glass (or aluminum plastic) and tube shaped. You can change the temperature using a dial and often come with a thermostat. So once again as the name suggests the bit with the control is out of the water and the rest is in the water. Should you have an are where the water moves a lot (near a filter perhaps) placing it there makes sense as the water movement will spread the heat.

There are also submersible heaters. Naturally they go entirely underwater and are a little easier to hide in the tank when that is important. You can also find filter heaters and substrate heaters. Lots of tanks have pebbles, rock, sand and other layers at the bottom of the tank. The heater is hidden in there. They have several advantages including evenness of heat spread and the plants (live) really thriving when used. They also do not show so that natural look aquarium is easier to achieve. Th difficulty is getting one out if it breaks down as you have to move quite a bit of things in you tank to get out. Ideal if you are setting up a new tank.

Another possibility is a heater that fits inside the actual filter - naturally called a filter heater. This means (if set up correctly) that when the water comes out of the filter it is both warm and cleaned. These are not particularly common.

Something to look out for is that these products run on electricity and run in water. Normally that is not a good idea so be careful when say you are cleaning your tank. Switch off the tank and unplug the heater and wait say fifteen minutes for heater to cool. If they loose their heat too fast they can be damaged.

Like any item that you intend purchasing doing some research is always a great idea.